Welcome

Thank you for visiting the Formulart web site. I hope you enjoy the graphic drawings I have created by drawing straight lines on geometric figures. My goal was to create the appearance of movement in the drawings and in some cases to represent organic figures, all with straight lines.

A formula can be written to describe the geometric form on which the lines are drawn and to indicate the start and ending place of each line (see The Formulae). As the name formulart implies, the result is art created by formula. After much encouragement by friends and family, the pictures are now being shown here for your enjoyment and to purchase if you wish.

The attached video describes the formulart structure and how variations in a formula can change the look of the resulting drawing. It should be noted that formulart drawings are hand drawn, not computer generated.

Enjoy your visit to the formulart WEB site. Please share the site information with your friends and, by all means, do stop by again.

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Formulart, The Brochure & The Methodology

Personal Bio

Ken has had a career in data/computer technology, working as a technician, programmer, systems designer, database administrator, professor and chief information officer.

He began drawing in the late 70’s as a hobby using only a straight edge and ink pen. His on-going interest in artistic possibilities of essentially straight lines became “Formulart”.

His active career and family responsibilities delayed pursuit of his drawing avocation until recently. Now, in retirement, he is able to focus on drawing and to pursue the mysterious ways in which mathematically formulated lines can capture movement and images of organic forms.

The drawings are all initially created with a straight edge, pen and ink. However, new technologies have made it possible to edit some of the images (primarily to correct artist’s errors in hand drawn images).

The Formulae

The formulae are created based on the geometric figure on which the lines are drawn (i.e. square, rectangle, etc.) and the segments of the geometric figure that are the source and conclusion of the lines which make up the drawing.

So, for example, the formula, F(square) = 4C to 1S would be read, “a function of a square = lines drawn from 4 (C) corners each to 1 (S) side. The drawing represented by that formula would look like this:



For further description of the terms used in the formulae see Formula Terms

Formula Terms

The following terms have been used in drawings:


  • C = Corner
  • S = Side
  • P = Point
  • Ci = Circumference
  • Log = Logarithmically distant points on a line
               (vs equi-distant points on a line)
  • F = Focus (center of a circle)






Geometric figures on which a drawing may be based include:


  • - Square
  • - Rectangle
  • - Parallelogram
  • - Circle
  • - Hexagon
  • - Octagon
  • - Triangle